The way to find the area of an equilateral triangle is the same as finding the area of other triangles.

$$\text{The area of a triangle :}\frac{\text{Base x Base Height}}{2}$$

According to the above formula, we need to know the

According to the above formula, we need to know the

**base and base height**.
However is it possible to calculate one or the other if we don’t know its value?

For example, generally the base (of an equilateral triangle) is known but the

base height is not known. The main problem is; can we know the height by

using the base value?

First of all, let us look at the height of isosceles and equilateral triangles. Let us have a

triangle where the base is equal but the arms can be flexible .

When both sides are equal then the height is exactly joint together in the middle point.

The yellow and blue lengths are equal, the green length, i.e. the height has split the base into two equals as shown.

Now our triangle is an isosceles triangle, if the black edge, i.e. the base has equal length as the other sides it becomes an equilateral triangle.

We can see that with equilateral triangles that the height line splits the base into equal

two parts. Now let’s look at the angles;

The height splits the equal two parts from 60° into 30°.

We can understand this in two ways.

1st Method :

Let’s subtract the other two angles

\( \displaystyle 90°+60°=150° \) from \( \displaystyle 1800° \)

the total value of the angles of a triangle. \( \displaystyle 180°-150°=30° \)

It can be found in the same way on the other

angle.

2nd Method

Imagine opening the wings slowly.

As the base value increases, the

top angle increases also.

If we increase the length here, the top angle increases as well.

So, as the base lengths are the same, the angles must also be the same.

I can divide 60° into pairs of 30° and 30° .

We have learnt;

- In isosceles triangles or equilateral triangles, the base height divides the base length into two equal parts.
- The height also divides the angles into equal values.

So, let us collect the info we have from equilateral triangles;

Our aim is to find h, the height…

To find the height of a right-angled triangle , we can use the

**Pythagorean theorem**.
Let us remember the Pythagorean relation, in a right-angled triangle, the sum of squares of the

right-angled edges is equal the longer side's square.

Let us apply the Pythagorean relation to an equilateral triangle,

$$h^2+\left(\frac{a}{2}\right)^2=a^2$$

$$h^2+\frac{a^2}{4}=a^2$$

$$h^2=a^2-\frac{a^2}{4}$$

$$h^2=\frac{4a^2}{4}-\frac{a^2}{4}$$

$$h^2=\frac{3a^2}{4}$$

$$\sqrt{h^2}=\sqrt{\frac{3a^2}{4}}$$

$$h=\frac{a\sqrt{3}}{2}$$

Lets go back to our formula ;

$$\text{The area of a triangle :}\frac{\text{Base x Base Height}}{2}$$

$$\frac{a.\frac{a\sqrt{3}}{2}}{2}=\frac{\frac{a^2\sqrt{3}}{2}}{2}=\frac{a^2\sqrt{3}}{2}.\frac{1}{2}=\frac{a^2\sqrt{3}}{4}$$

So the formula of equilateral triangle is ;

" a " represents the length of single edge of an equilateral triangle;

$$\frac{a^2\sqrt{3}}{4}$$

$$\frac{a^2\sqrt{3}}{4}$$

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